Medicine is one of the most important sciences. Contemporary medicine is constantly developing science since medicine specialists are discovering new ways of diagnosing and treating many diseases. Notably, the advanced radiology is a branch of medicine using imaging for the purpose of diagnosing and treatment of disease. Radiology specialists use many techniques of radiology, such as ultrasound, nuclear medicine, x-ray, computer tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) etc.
Most common imaging modalities in advanced radiology
Advanced radiology employs several imaging modalities for diagnosing and treatment of diseases. The computed tomography (CT) employs combination of X-rays and computing algorithms in order to obtain image of the body. CT device is actually an apparatus in form of ring which rotates around patient’s body, generating cross sectional-image which is called tomogram. CT scanning is used in the diagnostics of several serious diseases, such as pulmonary embolism (clots in the arteries of the lungs), cerebral hemorrhage, aortic dissection (tearing of the aortic wall), diverticulitis, appendicitis and obstructing kidney stones. CT technology is very useful since it provides faster scanning, better imaging results, thus ensuring more precise and correct diagnosis, which was not possible in the past. Magnetic resonance imaging employs strong magnetic fields in order to align body tissues and atomic nuclei. Then, radio signal is used to disturb the axis of rotation of the nuclei and detect the radio frequency signal. Such radio signals are connected and channeled to small antennae. The down side of MRI is that patients must be still and not move for long period of time and it is very uncomfortable for persons suffering from claustrophobia. MRI is used in diagnosing and imaging the brain, spine, and musculoskeletal system. The mammography is an advanced radiology modality which employs low-energy-X-rays for the purpose of examining breasts in both, men and women. Mammography is used for early detection of breast cancer and is very useful in preventing this serious disease.
Advanced radiology specialists
Advanced radiology specialists are doctors who are trained to read and interpret X-rays and other medical images. They are highly trained medical specialists who are trained and should be able to detect the presence of tumors and other abnormal manifestations with great deal of certainty. Because of those special cases, we need advanced radiology specialists.
The future of advanced radiology
The future of advanced radiology is a hot topic among both, advanced radiology specialists and vendors. It is necessary to ensure close cooperation between these two categories in order to get the best possible results. Such results would translate into dose reduction, better slice count, progress in pediatric cardiac CT studies, internal system checks, improved image reconstruction, molecular imaging etc. The ultimate goal is to realize the dream of personalized medicine. What this means is that in future, advanced radiology specialists and manufacturers should come up with a way how to develop and employ highly sensitive and highly specific tracers for specific tumors. Problems may appear concerning the approval of such tracers, as well as the economical profitability of mass production.